September 12, 2019, a presentation of the themed exhibition “Architect Yakiv
Pauchenko and his town”, dedicated to the 265th anniversary of Kropyvnytskyi, took place
in O.O.Osmerkin Art-Memorial Museum.
The basis of the exposition includes colored photos of the buildings
constructed on the projects by Yakiv Pauchenko. Nowadays, the buildings are jewels of the
historical center of our town. The author of the photographs is Ihor Demchuk, Merited
Journalist of Ukraine. For the first time, the works were presented in the museum at the
exhibition “Stop and Admire” dedicated to the 145th anniversary of the architect. The
exhibition is completed with the original documents, including the Diploma of Yakiv
Pauchenko on the graduation from the College of Painting, Sculpture, and Architecture of
Moscow Art Union in 1896, his architectural projects and sketches, and also unique family
photographs given to the museum by Nadiia Hryhorivna, the widow of his nephew, painter
Oleksandr Osmerkin. She has been to our town many times and, being the architect, she
developed the reconstruction project of the memorial building, nowadays the museum itself.
The first visitors of the exhibition were pupils of 10- Ã grade from
Kirovohrad Regional General Educational Complex of Academic and Aesthetic Specialization.
And it can be called symbolic because the well-known educational institution is located in
the building of the former theatre “Illusion”, one of the first cinematographs in our
town. The building is a Monument of Architecture and Town Planning of the end of the 19th
century and was built on the project by Yakiv Pauchenko. In this school in February 2014,
the local Directorate of Ukrposhta held a presentation and special cancellation of the
First day of the jubilee art postal envelopes from the series “Beauty and Greatness of
Ukraine” with the stamps depicting architectural works of Yakiv Pauchenko – Theatre
“Illusion” in Kropyvnytskyi and the Cathedral of the Ascension in Bobrynets. The event
was dedicated to the 75th anniversary of the Kirovohrad Region. Vita Chernova, the museum
director, presented those envelopes, highly valued among the stamp-collectors, together
with the museum booklets, postcards, and a poster of the exhibition to the form master
Oleksandra Kostenko and a pupil Daryna Tsarkulian, who came to study at school from
Pupils who came to the vernissage listened to Andrii Nadezhdin, the
leading researcher of the museum, art historian, Merited Artist of Ukraine, telling about
the life and architectural work of Yakiv Pauchenko – one of the architects who created
the architectural ensemble of the historical center of our town. It was written in
Yelisavethrad newspaper “Holos Yuha”: “The buildings constructed by him represent
him as a talented artist and architect… Undisputable merit is that he was the first to
create the samples of artistic architecture in our town…” Yakiv Pauchenko’s life
wasn’t long; he died at the age of 48 and was buried at Petropavlivske cemetery, that no
longer exists, his graveyard disappeared under new buildings. But his town has survived.
In 2016, one of the central streets was named in his honor.
At the end of the art event, the museum staff suggested boys and girls
travel in time and watch old photographs with the views of the European cities of the end
of the 19th – beginning of the 20th century on a stereoscope. The stereoscope creates an
illusion of three-dimensionality that fascinates even more than the modern 3D.